In Memoriam: The Species We Lost To Extinction In 2018

A lot of incredible species went extinct in 2018, leaving a huge loss in the wild, which are not going to be replaced.

According to unilad, The first wildlife obituary is the Macaw, it was officially categorized as ‘extinct in the wild’ in last September. The Spix’s macaw is one of eight bird species, half of them in Brazil, confirmed extinct or suspected extinct in the report from BirdLife International.

RIP Spix’s Macaw. © Al Wabra/Wildlife Preservation

“The star of Rio’s brilliant blue plumage has now been seen in the wild for the last time – around 100 of the birds still exist, and all are in captivity” Stated iflscience,

A Research which was done by biologists has stated that the survival rate of these species is only 0.1. Deforestation is the main reason for the Spix’s macaw’s disappearance from its natural habitat. Stated CNN

“Human activities are the ultimate drivers of virtually all recent extinctions,” Stuart Butchart, Chief Scientist at BirdLife International, told IFLScience at the time.

The words cougar, puma, mountain lion, and catamount all refer to the same large cat, known scientifically as Puma concolor.

According to iflscience, nearly 80 years after it was last seen, the eastern cougar will be officially recognized by US conservation authorities as ‘extinct’.

“We need large carnivores like cougars, which would curb deer overpopulation and tick-borne diseases that threaten human health, so we hope Eastern and Midwestern states will reintroduce them,” Michael Robinson, a conservation advocate at the Center for Biological Diversity, said in a statement.

“We’re about to lose [the vaquita],” Sea McKeon, a biology professor at St Mary’s College of Maryland and co-host of The Naturalist Podcast, told Mashable.

Vaquita also one of the species who is about to get extinct. As new reports estimate that just 12 vaquitas remain in the wild. It is evident that the vaquita’s future is in critical condition.

“We’re about to lose [the vaquita],” Sea McKeon, a biology professor at St Mary’s College of Maryland and co-host of The Naturalist Podcast, told Mashable.

So long vaquita. Paula Olson/NOAA/Wikimedia Commons

The Tapanuli orangutan is already on the brink of extinction. This was discovered in 2017. According to a new study, it is proven that China is responsible for the extinction.

“The Tapanuli orangutan is only the seventh species of Great Ape known to be alive today – and it’s one of our closest relatives,” explained William Laurance, Director of the Centre for Tropical Environmental and Sustainability Science and the research team leader on the study. “It was only described scientifically as a new species late last year. Losing it would be like watching the disappearance of the Humpback Whale or the Bald Eagle – iconic species that we all care about.”

Giraffes are at risk of extinction with some subspecies now listed as ‘critically endangered’ for the first time in 2018. According to International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species has placed the Kordofan and Nubian giraffes just one stage from extinct in the wild, with fewer than 4,650 animals left.

Insects are also in danger because lost 97 percent of western monarch butterflies in the US, and South American creepy-crawlies are declining rapidly as well.

“Insects power the world in a real way — they make the world work,” said McKeon. “We’re dropping those numbers radically… That should scare people.”

However, still, we have hope for some animals. Mountain Gorilla was listed as critically endangered species, but they were saved from the critically endangered status. For the first time after 50 years, wild black rhinos have roamed the bush and grasslands of Chad in Central Africa.

Golden lion tamarin listed as endangered thanks to severe habitat destruction, Conservation efforts went into effect in the 1980s, and thanks to positive human interaction, that number has increased to 3,200, with more on the way.

The Amur leopard is the rarest subspecies of leopard on Earth, thanks to the illegal wildlife trade that prizes their pelts, which can go for as much as $1,000 on the black market. By 2015, it was estimated that less than 60 individuals remained in Russia and China. Since conservation and reintroduction efforts began, the wild population increased to 103 individuals by early 2018.

“When it comes to … endangered species, we don’t have the luxury of trial and error,” Thomas Hildebrandt, the scientist behind the groundbreaking conservation technique, warned at the time.

“Losing species means losing the books of evolution before we have the chance to read them.”

We need to think more about how to stop taking environments away from plants and animals.  Science Advances found that around 60 percent of primate species are threatened with extinction — all due to human activity.

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